Notepad is one of the examples of an application based on the client. ASP.NET is the successor to the ASP (Active Server Pages) technology and was a significant upgrade in terms of flexibility and power. It is an extension of the .NET platform with additional tools and libraries specifically for building things on the web, including web apps and websites. But ASP.NET is only used to create web applications and web services. That’s why we termed ASP.NET as a subset of the .NET Framework.

what is asp net framework

I tried installing the SQLSysClrTrypes.msi for SQL Server 2017, which looked like SQL Server v14. See the post for more on the exhaustive discourse on complex types. At this point, with one more release candidate to go before the mid-November general availability release, most of the new features and functionality have been set, with the dev team primarily polishing things up. The selection of style is depends on the skills and experience of the programmer.

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By implementing the core aspects of .NET Framework within the scope of CLI, these functions will not be tied to one language but will be available across the many languages supported by the framework. It is used to develop application with powerful data access. It provides server side controls what is and events to create web application. The .Net framework could also be utilized to build both applications based on Form and Web. In addition, the web services can be developed employing the .Net framework. It’s the fruition of many years of hard work by Umbraco HQ and the Umbraco community.

what is asp net framework

The complete name of an assembly (not to be confused with the file name on disk) contains its simple text name, version number, culture, and public key token. Assemblies are considered equivalent if they share the same complete name. The main takeaway from this comparison is that each platform has its own strengths and weaknesses that make it more or less appropriate for different types of applications. However, it is clear that the .NET Framework is becoming obsolete and irrelevant in the face of newer and better platforms such as .NET 6. Therefore, developers who are still using or considering using the .NET Framework should seriously consider migrating their applications to .NET 6 as soon as possible. When working with the .NET it is possible to use Microsoft Visual Studio as an integrated development environment (IDE).

Common Language Runtime

The framework is built to work with the standard HTTP protocol, which is the standard protocol used across all web applications. Method-level encryption tools for .NET code are available from vendors such as SafeNet. FCL refers to the entire class library that ships with .NET Framework. FCL is much larger in scope than standard libraries for languages like C++, and comparable in scope to standard libraries of Java.

what is asp net framework

Programs written for .NET Framework are compiled into Common Intermediate Language code (CIL), as opposed to being directly compiled into machine code. During execution, an architecture-specific just-in-time compiler (JIT) turns the CIL code into machine code. In addition to the Sept. 12 announcement post, more information can be found in the release notes and “What's new in .NET 8” documentation. ASP.NET API is an API application model (Application Programming Interface).

Third-party frameworks

A private key can also be used by the creator of the assembly for strong naming. The public key token determines the real-world identity of the assembly's signer. Only who knows their private key (of the double-key cryptography system) can sign assemblies that have the same strong name as a prior version assembly. Strong naming is required to add assemblies to Global Assembly Cache. The .NET Compact Framework and .NET Micro Framework variants of the .NET Framework provided support for other Microsoft platforms such as Windows Mobile, Windows CE and other resource-constrained embedded devices. Although each framework is independent to other, we can combine and use any of that at any level of our application.

The .NET Framework (pronounced as “dot net”) is a proprietary software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows. It was the predominant implementation of the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) until being superseded by the cross-platform .NET project. It includes a large class library called Framework Class Library (FCL) and provides language interoperability (each language can use code written in other languages) across several programming languages. Programs written for .NET Framework execute in a software environment (in contrast to a hardware environment) named the Common Language Runtime (CLR). The CLR is an application virtual machine that provides services such as security, memory management, and exception handling.

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These are also based on the .NET Framework and share core functionalities of .NET and ASP.NET. It provides fast and lightweight way to combine server code with HTML. It also provides other features like you can create beautiful sites that conform to the latest web standards. It gives us a MVC (Model View Controller), patterns-based way to build dynamic websites. It enables a clean separation of concerns and that gives you full control over markup for enjoyable, agile development.

what is asp net framework

As such, computer code written using .NET Framework is called “managed code”. CLR is a platform on which the .Net programs are implemented and have characteristics such as exception handling, garbage collection, and working with numerous languages. In-Class Library, the .NET Framework incorporates a collection of conventional class libraries. Thus, it is a set of processes and features that could be used for the key motive. For instance, there is a class library with processes to manage all file operations.


The main difference is that ASP.NET Core is cross-platform which means it can run on macOS, Linux, and Docker as well as of course Windows. The latest version of ASP.NET is the cross-platform version that was initially called ASP.NET Core, which was released in 2016. In November 2020, Microsoft simplified the name and removed “Core” from the name. This means that new releases will simply be called .NET followed by a version number.

  • It provides fantastic integration of HTML, CSS and JavaScript.
  • In addition, the web services can be developed employing the .Net framework.
  • However, starting with .NET Framework 4.0, the Dynamic Language Runtime extended the CLR, allowing dynamically typed languages to be implemented atop the CLI.
  • A community that's incredibly pro-active, extremely talented and helpful.
  • Before EF8, there was no efficient way to map the third type of object.

Visual Studio is an IDE by Microsoft used to develop web applications and consists of a source code editor, debugger, compiler, and designer, which are all accessed through one single interface. CLR frees the developer from the burden of managing memory (allocating and freeing up when done); it handles memory management itself by detecting when memory can be safely freed. Instantiations of .NET types (objects) are allocated from the managed heap; a pool of memory managed by CLR. As long as a reference to an object exists, which may be either direct, or via a graph of objects, the object is considered to be in use. When no reference to an object exists, and it cannot be reached or used, it becomes garbage, eligible for collection. Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) provides a language-neutral platform for application development and execution.

Class library

It also provides many features that enable fast development for creating outstanding applications. In this article, I will compare and contrast these three platforms in terms of their features, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages. We will also discuss the evolution of the .NET ecosystem, the considerations for migration, and the future outlook of .NET development. ASP.Net – This is utilized for developing applications based on the web, which is created to run on every browser, such as Internet Chrome or Firefox Explorer. Gets a Version object that describes
the major, minor, build, and revision
numbers of the common language
runtime. My issue is on the new server with Microsoft.SqlServer.ConnectionInfo.dll.